Could an American be Canada’s next prime minister?


Andrew Scheer celebrates after winning the leadership during the Conservative Party of Canada leadership convention in Toronto, Ontario, Canada May 27, 2017Image copyright

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Andrew Scheer celebrates after winning the leadership

From UK Prime Minister Boris Johnson to US Senator Ted Cruz, politicians have landed in hot water for having dual citizenship. Now, a Canadian politician finds himself simmering in the same pot.

It should go without saying that Andrew Scheer – the leader of Canada’s Conservative Party and Prime Minister Justin Trudeau’s biggest challenger in the upcoming election – is as Canadian as maple syrup pie.

Born in Canada’s capital, he cheers for the Toronto Blue Jays and has made his home in the prairie city of Regina, Saskatchewan.

But there is a blemish on his Canuck bona fides – he also holds citizenship with the US.

The revelation has left Mr Scheer vulnerable to accusations of hypocrisy, given that he and members of his party have previously questioned the loyalties of political opponents who held dual citizenship.

Now, there is nothing unusual about Canadians holding dual citizenship with the US – there are approximately 340,000 Americans immigrants who attained Canadian citizenship and there are many natively born Canadians who achieved American citizenship through one of their parents.

The latter route is how Mr Scheer became an American. His father was born in the US, moved to Canada and married his Canadian mother. Mr Scheer was born in Canada’s capital city of Ottawa, and his father applied for US citizenship for him at birth.

Mr Scheer says has never voted in an American election, nor has he earned any income in the US.

“It’s not a big deal to have dual citizenship here in Canada,” he told media on Friday.

But things that are not a big deal for the public can become a big deal for politicians, examples from around the world show.

  • How a dual citizenship crisis befell Australia
  • Why social issues are a hot topic in Canada’s autumn election

Ted Cruz, the Texas senator, was mercilessly ridiculed by Donald Trump during the 2016 presidential primaries because he was born in Canada.

In the US, the president must hold American citizenship at birth, and Cruz’s Canadian citizenship (that he renounced in 2014) was a “question mark” hanging over his candidacy, according to Mr Trump.

That rule was at one time a perk for Boris Johnson, who in 2012 told US chat show host David Letterman that he could “technically speaking” become US president.

Born in New York, the PM said he was thinking about relinquishing his US citizenship as far back as 2006, although it wasn’t official until 2016.

“The reason I’m thinking I probably will want to make a change is that my commitment is, and always has been, to Britain,” he said in 2006 on his personal blog.

And in Australia, section 44 of the nation’s constitution forbids anyone holding citizenship of another country from running for parliament. The law was basically forgotten until a succession of disclosures led to five Australian MPs were ousted from parliament.

Canada has no such law, but that hasn’t stopped politicians from using an opponent’s dual citizenship against them in the past, including Mr Scheer, who attacked governor general appointee Michaelle Jean in 2005 for having dual citizenship.

“I have a few quick questions for anyone who thinks that Michaelle Jean is a good choice to be our next GG,” he wrote in a blog post.

“Does it bother you that she is a dual citizen (France and Canada)? Would it bother you if instead of French citizenship, she held US citizenship?”

The answer for himself, it seems, is yes. Mr Scheer’s director of communications, Brock Harrison, told the Globe and Mail that his boss decided to renounce his US citizenship after he was elected leader of the Conservatives, and submitted his paperwork in August.

The process can take upwards of 10 months.

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